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Artificial Intelligence: what will be its future?

Welcome to the first issue of this Newsletter dedicated to Digital Innovation.

Today we're talking about a hot topic like Artificial Intelligence and its ever faster and more surprising developments.

  • The Italian and European plan for artificial intelligence
  • The main news of the AI sector
  • Artificial Intelligence tools on offer

During 2021 the development of an increasingly complex artificial intelligence is reaching new frontiers, big techs continue to invest large sums in this technology, here in Europe we are further behind but the Italian government and the European Union have just launched an ambitious development plan for this technology.

The Italian and European plan for artificial intelligence

In recent days, the Council of Ministers approved the "Strategic Program for Artificial Intelligence 2022-2024”. The document is the result of joint work by the Ministry of University and Research, the Ministry of Economic Development and the Minister for Technological Innovation and Digital Transition.

In the document, the objectives that the government should set itself in terms of "to-do list" and the funding that could help the Artificial Intelligence sector (still in its infancy) were presented and described. Among the latter, the billions of the PNRR, National Recovery and Resilience Plan. However, Italy suffers from a delay in the development of a national strategy compared to countries such as France or Germany.

In 2020, the private Artificial Intelligence market in Italy reached a value of 300 million euros, with an increase of 15% compared to 2019 but equal to only about 3% of the European market, significantly lower than the Italian weight on European GDP ( about 12%). Within the Italian market, a value of 230 million euro (77%) is supplied to Italian companies, while the remaining 70 million euro (23%) is exported to foreign companies

This is what we read in the new plan, as it also reports Repubblica, highlighting that Italy is in any case behind on all fronts compared to the main European countries. 

The Italian Plan echoes the European one which has just allocated the impressive figure of €1.38 billion for the development of AI, Cloud, communication and quantum infrastructure, and the development of digital skills in the population.

The main news of the AI sector

If the Italian situation has to be built abroad, especially in the United States, the state of the art on the matter is much more advanced. Big Tech like Facebook, Google, Microsoft and Amazon are the masters in this sector. Let's see a summary of their main innovations of this last year and see the prospects for the future:

Facebook SEER

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Earlier this year Facebook AI (or should I say HALF?) He developed SEER (SElf-supERvised). It is a self-supervised computer vision model with billions of parameters. The model can learn from any random group of images on the Internet, without having to carefully curate and label the images (it was a prerequisite for computer vision training). So far, the Facebook AI team has tested SEER on one billion images taken from Instagram. It is among the milestones because it paves the way for flexible, accurate and adaptable computer vision models for the future.

Isomorphic Labs

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Alphabet plans to develop a computational platform to better understand biological systems and find ways to cure disease. Although separate, the two AI systems DeepMind e isomorphic intend to occasionally collaborate to advance research, breakthroughs and work on protein structure. It is among the milestones because it will lead to much faster research and development of drugs for all types of pathologies.

Tensorflow 3D

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Google developed and launched TensorFlow 3D, a modular library to bring 3D deep learning capabilities to TensorFlow, earlier this year. This latest update gives you access to sets of operations, loss functions, models for developing, training and implementing 3D scene understanding models, and data processing tools and metrics. It is among the milestones because it will help robots and autonomous vehicles to perfectly recognize the 3D objects that will be in their path (as well as improve virtual reality environments).

MusicBERT

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Microsoft has come up with a large-scale pre-trained model for understanding symbolic music, its name is MusicBERT, and can understand music from symbolic data, i.e. in MIDI format. The tech giant used a method called OctupleMIDI to train its system on a database of over a million songs. It is among the milestones because today it achieves cutting-edge performance in music comprehension activities and, going forward, it can be trained on activities that include structure analysis and chord recognition. And one day it will revolutionize music.

GitHub Copilot

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The Artificial Intelligence Society Open AI And Microsoft teamed up to launch the programmer AI Copilot in July of this year. Based on OpenAI Codex, the new artificial intelligence system is trained on open source code, and is able to "understand" computer code, generating new strings relevant to the context. It works on a large set of frameworks and languages including TypeScript, Ruby, Java, Go and Python. He is among the milestones because (guess what?) today he is a valid assistant to programmers, tomorrow he will be able to do it himself and revolutionize programming.

GPT3 and AI as Copywriter

OpenAI powers even the most amazing artificial intelligence tool. Perhaps the most important novelty of this year was the extensive use that many Start-Ups and companies have made of AI GPT3 that is an artificial intelligence created by OpenAI designed for the production of texts, structured to create a language model.

What is a "language model"? Simplifying as much as possible, we can define it as a system which, given a set of words, can predict the next most probable ones. You know the Gmail completion suggestions that pop up as you type? Well, the concept is the same, but to the nth degree. For example GPT3 has been used to write journal articles which have proven to be exactly the same or sometimes even better than those written by a human being. The Guardian even published an article written by GPT3, here the link.

Tools with Artificial Intelligence

If after this roundup of news on artificial intelligence you are curious to test the potential of artificial intelligence, I leave you a list of tools that have Artificial Intelligence as their driving force:

The world is changing and those who are successful learn to innovate their own products along with their own processes and at people.

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